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READING

20 points


Read this article from the BBC. (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/3144409.stm)


Warning over extreme diets


Doctors advise people to eat a balanced diet


People who go on extreme diets could be seriously damaging their health, experts have warned. They are particularly concerned with diets that encourage people to cut out whole food groups. Many popular diets involve reducing the intake of or cutting out completely food groups like carbohydrates. But experts believe people who go on these diets could be storing up problems for the future. They have called for more research into the long-term effects of some of today's most popular diets. They also urged the government to do more to encourage people to eat healthily.

'Pseudo science'

Speaking to journalists in London, Dr Susan Jebb, from the Medical Research Council's Human Nutrition Research Centre in Cambridge, singled out the Atkins diet for criticism.

She said it would be "negligent" to recommend the diet to anyone overweight and said many of its claims were based on "pseudo science". She added: "We simply do not know the long-term health implications, and it's such a profound change from what we're doing at the moment.” [...]

Dr Jebb's warning comes two months after two teams of American scientists declared that the Atkins diet was effective and safe. The two studies, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the diet resulted in more weight loss than conventional low-fat diets.

But Dr Jebb said these studies and others focusing on the Atkins diet were too small, short and limited to provide any meaningful evidence.

Lyndel Costain, a dietician, said people should not do the Atkin's diet or similar diets over the long term.

"The problems with that sort of diet is that it may be low in fibre. You might also restrict very important vitamins and minerals that you get in fruit and vegetables and wholegrains. In the short-term it is probably not to much of a problem. It will make you eat less and you will lose weight. But in the long-term we just don't know how healthy it is and it actually might not reduce our risk of heart disease and cancers.”

Wendy Greenroyd, who has been dieting since she was a teenager, has tried numerous different diets. She is against diets which involve cutting out whole food groups and now simply watches her calorie intake.


Answer the questions.


According to the experts, the government should encourage people to

eat healthily.

eat less fat.

eat more carbohydrates.


The Atkins Diet is effective and safe according to

some American scientists.

some British scientists.

scientists from Cambridge, England.


According to the New England Journal of Medicine, the Atkins diet is more effective than

all other diets.

some low-fat diets.

some low-carbohydrate diets.


“Negligent” in the context of the article means

not a good idea.

a good idea.

an excellent idea.


According to D. Jebb, the Atkins diet should not be recommended because

we do not know its long-term effects.

its short-term effects are very dangerous.

both A and B.


According to Lyndel Costain, the Atkins Diet may does not provide enough

fat.

fibre.

vitamins and minerals.

fat and fibre.

fibre and vitamins and minerals.


Wendy Greenroyd now controls her weight by means of

cutting out one food group.

the Atkins diet.

counting calories.


We should not believe the articles published in the New England Journal of Medicine, because

the studies are too small and short.

they were written by Dr. Atkins.

there are only two studies.


Decide if these sentences are true or false.


According to Lyndel Costain, you will never lose any weight on the Atkins diet.

True

False


According to Lyndel Costain, the Atkins diet may reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer.

True

False


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