Lesson 3 - Vocabulary - EDUCATION - Page4
Some secondary schools in Britain are called public schools. Despite their name, they are private schools. They are also called independent schools. Schools that are run by the government are called state schools.
There are about 200 public schools in Britain, and about 10% of British children attend them. Most independent schools are boarding schools, which means that pupils live there during the term. Most schools have a house system. Pupils live in one of several houses, under the charge of a housemaster. The fees for tuition, board and accommodation may be as high as 16 000 pounds a year.
Many parents decide to send their children to an independent school because they believe that the quality of education is higher, or because the child forms friendships with children from rich and influential families. Public school education is very strongly associated with the upper classes.
The most famous public schools for boys are Eton, Harrow, Westminster and Winchester. Roedean and Cheltenham Ladies College are well-known public schools for girls.
In the US the name “public schools” means something completely different: a school run by the government. The schools that charge fees are called private schools. Some of the older private schools in the US are similar to the British ones. The majority of them are in New England. They are expensive, and many of their students come form rich families.