Semester Test 2 - Page2

Z Studia Informatyczne
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READING

20 points


Read this article from the BBC. (source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/conditions/dyslexia1.shtml) The titles of sections have been removed from the text. They are in the box below. Can you find the right title for each section?


A. A different kind of mind

B. Prevention and treatment

C. What are the symptoms?

D. What difficulties does dyslexia cause?

E. What is it?

F. Who's affected?


DYSLEXIA

Dr Trisha Macnair


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The word 'dyslexia' is originally Greek and means 'difficulty with words'. Dyslexia is a congenital and developmental condition that causes neurological anomalies in the brain.

It includes a range of types of learning difficulties where a person of normal intelligence has persistent and significant problems with reading, writing, spelling and sometimes mathematics and musical notation.

In the past, dyslexia wasn't a recognised condition. Sadly, some children affected were labelled as lazy, stupid or lacking in concentration.

Dyslexia isn't a sign of low intelligence - people of all academic abilities have been dyslexic and they may not have difficulties in any other area.


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Every person has different symptoms - there's a huge range - and this can make dyslexia difficult to define. It's usually diagnosed when a child's reading and writing development isn't keeping pace with their level of intelligence.


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Possible difficulties caused by dyslexia include:


hesitant or slow reading and writing

misreading, which makes understanding difficult

putting letters and figures the wrong way round

difficulty with sequences

poor organisation or time management

erratic spelling

poor memory and concentration

difficulty organising thoughts clearly

poor self-image


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Some describe a person with dyslexia as having a different kind of mind - someone who is often gifted, over-productive - and who learns in a different way. They often have specific strengths, which may include:


innovative thinking

excellent troubleshooting

creativity

lateral thinking

intuitive problem solving


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Up to ten per cent of the UK population have dyslexia, with around 2 million people in the UK severely affected. Dyslexia tends to run in families and it's estimated that three to four times as many boys as girls have the condition.


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It's not possible to prevent dyslexia but early recognition can help. With proper diagnosis and tailored educational methods, people with dyslexia can achieve their full academic potential and go on to enjoy very successful careers.

Diet and practical strategies (such as using spectacles with coloured lenses) can also help.


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