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Grammar 1 (5 marks)
Look at the clues below, and then (for questions 1-5) form sentences containing defining or non-defining relative clauses. Omit the relative pronoun where possible:

  1. Tom was reading a book. Have you seen it?
  2. I put a credit card in my purse. Where is it?
  3. My cousins are on holiday. The holiday is a disaster.
  4. Jack has hundreds of stamps. Most of them he has stored in special folders.
  5. My uncle served in the army. He is retired now.

Grammar 2 (5 marks)
Make one sentence from the two given, forming an –ing or an –ed clause:

  1. The paintings were robbed from the gallery. The police haven’t found them yet.
  2. Ten people were killed in a bombing attack. The people were civilians.
  3. A new factory was built in Poland. The factory manufactures cars.
  4. Many people are employed in public offices. They usually work nine to five.
  5. A taxi crashed into a tram. The taxi was taking us to the airport.

You will hear a news report about the Israeli bombing of Lebanon . Before you listen, read the sentences below, and while you listen, decide whether they are true (T) or false (F). You may listen to the recording twice:

Reporter: Local Lebanese Americans say that Israeli attacks on their homeland's infrastructure and people have them more worried than ever. Some of their relatives might be able to escape from the towns under bombardment, but it will still be difficult as they lack essentials such as vehicles, fuel, food and water.
Particularly worried are those with ties to southern Lebanon, which is under direct and constant Israeli attack. Thousands of Lebanese, some of them permanent American residents or American citizens, have been trapped in the area. Fatme Nemer Bahmad said:

Audio icon.gif   Lebanon

[plik za duzy by go przeslac na osilka]

Tekst przygotowano na podstawie artykułu Michigan Residents Worried About Trapped Relatives in South Lebanon ze strony (1 sierpnia 2006)

  • Ćwiczenie 3 aqm
  • Ćwiczenie 4 aqm

Reading (10 marks)
Read the following text, then match paragraphs (A-J) with the appropriate headings (1-12) below. There are two extra headings which you do not need to use:

    Globalisation and the European Union
  1. Globalisation means different things to different people. It can mean surfing the World Wide Web in an Internet Café in Italy, then writing an e-mail to a friend holidaying in Malaysia. It can also mean somebody working for Daewoo (the South Korean corporation) in Poland. Furthermore, it can simply mean learning English, or perhaps eating sushi made with fish from Denmark in Moscow. What does globalisation mean to you?
  2. The process of globalisation has been going on for thousands of years. It’s as old as mankind itself. People have spread around the world, and trading has expanded from village to village and town to town, and between the continents across the high seas. However, what people usually mean when they talk about globalisation is the economic and social process that accelerated rapidly during the 1990s.
  3. The most strident proponents of this international economic policy initially came from the richest, most powerful countries. For example, the US government made globalisation an official objective of its foreign and economic policy, and other western nations have been happy to play along. Naturally, most governments in the world want the economic and social benefits of globalisation. The reality now is that, to varying extents, all countries and people take part in the global economy. However, do they actually benefit from it?
  4. Now, more and more people are speaking out against what they see as exploitation in the name of globalisation: sweatshop conditions and child labour, for example, and man-made environmental disasters. The organised movement against the negative aspects of globalisation is growing and has huge numbers of supporters and activists.
  5. A famous large protest happened in 1999, in Seattle in the USA. A World Trade Organization (WTO) conference was broken up violently in clashes between police and protesters. In the year2000, in the Czech Republic, there were big demonstrations during a World Bank meeting held in Prague.
  6. One of the best arguments for globalisation is that it can create jobs in countries which have few native investors. For example, many foreign companies have set up business in Poland, particularly from neighbouring Germany. All across Europe, we can see McDonald’s restaurants and take-aways, huge stores like IKEA and Tesco, Volvo and Fiat car assembly plants and plenty more high-profile international businesses. These companies create employment and spin-off businesses that help the local economy.
  7. The Internet has made it possible for smaller companies to utilise resources and do business on a wider scale. It’s possible for an enterprise in one country to do business in another country, and, all the while, they stay right in their own office!
  8. As more and more countries relax their borders for business interests, they also do so to tourists, travellers and workers. Most people from European Union member countries can work anywhere in the EU. More tourism can also mean more benefits if exploited carefully. In addition, eco-tourism means that more natural environments are protected while new jobs in communities are provided.
  9. One immediate product of globalisation in Europe is the introduction of the new currency – the euro. Nobody is sure what effect this new money will have worldwide. What is sure, though, is that through increased communication and global mobility, we shall learn more about one another’s cultures. This helps to break down ignorance and create more peace and friendship.
  10. At our current pace of evolution, it is highly unlikely that the process of globalisation will ever be reversed. Our challenge is to find a social and economic balance that benefits all places and people in the global village.

Source: “Globalisation: the Good, the Bad and the Ugly” (fragmenty) by Sandra Dempster; The World of English no. 3/2001

  1. Nowadays the global economy affects all
  2. Globalisation helps to bring investments into poorer countries
  3. Web mobility
  4. Only the rich benefit from globalisation
  5. The darker side of globalisation
  6. People on the move
  7. Diverse definitions
  8. The benefits of the Euro
  9. Here to stay
  10. A look back
  11. Violent veto
  12. Getting to know each other better