Lesson 4 - R&W, Culture - SUPERNATURAL?

Z Studia Informatyczne
Wersja z dnia 16:24, 8 paź 2006 autorstwa Bartek mi (dyskusja | edycje)
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Confessions of a Star Psychic

Read the text about Keith Harary, an expert in explaining the inexplicable.
Keith "Blue" Harary was a hot young psychic, sought after by treasure hunters, stockbrokers and spies. Then he began to question his own extraordinary abilities.

Some sentences have been removed from the passage. Put them back into the correct gaps.
Pay special attention to the highlighted words:


Most of us have encountered the eerie or inexplicable: a dream that foretold the future so precisely it appeared psychic, a sudden intense connection to a distant friend at the moment he faced death, a chance meeting so improbable it seemed preordained. 1. __________________ Sitting across from my wife, I suddenly felt she was going to die. There was nothing apparently wrong with her and she'd been given a clean bill of health at her last checkup only four months before. After I convinced her to go for another exam two days later, however, she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer, a disease that usually progresses without noticeable symptoms until it turns deadly. She was lucky, her doctors explained. Her tumor was discovered and removed before it could spread.
"How could you have known she had cancer?" her oncologist asked. "Are you some kind of psychic?"
I didn't know she had cancer, of course. 2. __________________________ . In fact, although it might surprise those familiar with my unusual reputation, I don't claim, at least these days, to have any special extrasensory abilities. But the doctor's first question—how had I known?—is one that I just may be able to answer.
How can we access information seemingly beyond the reach of inference or sensory perception? 3. __________________________It has also been pivotal in my personal career—in my younger days as a reputed psychic participating in some of the most publicized parapsychology experiments of the last century, and more recently, as a scientist with expertise in cognitive psychology, personality and altered states of consciousness. Despite more than a hundred years of research, this question remains controversial and unresolved, although the distinctly non-mystical realms of neurology, physics and mathematics may play a role.
The first person to subject psychic claims to statistical tests was Duke University researcher J.B. Rhine, who pioneered controlled experiments on what he termed extrasensory perception (ESP), later known as psi. Rhine adopted the term parapsychology and asked whether ESP was more than a matter of chance. 4. _______________________ ."Senders" focused on randomly shuffled cards marked with symbols: star, cross, circle, wavy lines or square. "Receivers" guessed at the symbol in the sender's mind. By 1940, after 33 experiments and nearly a million trials, Rhine said he'd found an overall effect. But the evidence was inconsistent, and mainstream scientists were not convinced.
Seeking more compelling results, the next generation of parapsychologists tried to induce psi through altered states of consciousness like dreams and sensory deprivation. 5. __________________________
Researchers weren't the only people intrigued by the possibility of psi, of course. 6.___________________ . Hoping to gain advantage on the world stage, they cobbled together a million dollars a year over the course of 20 years for a classified program eventually revealed as the Stargate project. Given my background, I was asked to consult along with reputed psychic superstars Hella Hammid and Ingo Swann.
Almost every day, we were taken to a stark white room at the renowned Menlo Park, California, think tank, Stanford Research Institute International (SRI). 7.________________ We focused on targets from foreign government offices to clandestine weapons projects until impressions flowed through our minds.
In terms of my Valentine's Day experience, there were probably subtle clues to my wife's ovarian cancer. 8. _______________________. So at least suggests Paul Lewicki, a cognitive psychologist at the University of Tulsa—some differences in her speech or appearance that were too complex to consciously process. "The human mind can't interpret beyond two or three variables on a conscious level," says Lewicki, "but the unconscious can."
9. ______________________ . Consider how phenomena at the frontiers of physics can look similar to the paranormal. In a process Einstein called "spooky action at a distance," two fundamental particles that have interacted become "entangled" and immediately correlate their actions no matter how far they are separated. 10. _________________________. It seems reminiscent of the kind of information transfer parapsychologists attribute to ESP. Whether this or any other quirk of physics is related to paranormal claims remains unknown. In the end, we may discover that experiences we think of as "psychic" exist, but their foundation may turn out to be grounded in the natural world and the human brain.
My wife, after all, didn't die.
Based on the article by: Keith Harary Ph.D.
http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/pto-20051018-000003.xml


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