Lesson 4 - R&W, Culture - BODY
- Ćwiczenie 1 aqm
Read the Guiding Principles on human organ and tissue transplantation and fill in the blanks using the words from the list below. Each word can be used only once.
commercial / consents / deceased / donor / living / marrow / patients / physicians / prohibited / sufficiently / transplantation
Guiding Principles on human organ and tissue transplantation
Organs and tissues (referred to in this text as "organs") may be removed from the bodies of ___________ and living persons for the purpose of transplantation only in accordance with the following Guiding Principles.
Guiding principle 1: Organs may be removed from the bodies of deceased persons for the purpose of transplantation if: (A) any ___________ required by law are obtained; and (B) there is no reason to believe that the deceased person objected to such removal, in the absence of any formal consent given during the person's lifetime.
Guiding principle 2: Physicians determining that the death of a potential ___________ has occurred should not be directly involved in organ removal from the donor and subsequent transplantation procedures, or be responsible for the care of potential recipients of such organs.
Guiding principle 3: Organs for transplantation should be removed preferably from the bodies of deceased persons. However, adult living persons may donate organs, but in general such donors should be genetically related to the recipients. Exceptions may be made in the case of transplantation of bone ________ and other acceptable regenerative tissues.
Guiding principle 3 (continued): An organ may be removed from the body of an adult living donor for the purpose of transplantation if the donor gives free consent. The donor should be free of any undue influence and pressure and ____________ informed to be able to understand and weigh the risks, benefits and consequences of consent.
Guiding principle 4: No organ should be removed from the body of a ____________ minor for the purpose of transplantation. Exceptions may be made under national law in the case of regenerative tissues.
Guiding principle 5: The human body and its parts cannot be the subject of ___________ transactions. Accordingly, giving or receiving payment (including any other compensation or reward) for organs should be prohibited.
Guiding principle 6: Advertising the need for or availability of organs, with a view to offering or seeking payment, should be ____________. Guiding principle 7: It should be prohibited for ____________ and other health professionals to engage in organ transplantation procedures if they have reason to believe that the organs concerned have been the subject of commercial transactions. Odp: physicians Guiding principle 8: It should be prohibited for any person or facility involved in organ _______________ procedures to receive any payment that exceeds a justifiable fee for the services rendered.
Guiding principle 9: In the light of the principles of distributive justice and equity, donated organs should be made available to ____________ on the basis of medical need and not on the basis of financial or other considerations.
deceased consents donor marrow sufficiently living commercial prohibited physicians transplantation patients