Lesson 2 - L&S, Functions, Pronunciation HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS

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Times change – a grandparent’s story Integrated skills-listening, speaking, functions and pronunciation Skills/Functions z elementami Pronunciation

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While talking about how her family used to spend Christmas during the war Mrs Huges said: But we were all together and that’s the most important thing, isn’t it?

When she asked this question, did she really want the listener to give her some information? Click the answer:

Yes No


This type of question is called a Question Tag. It is usually asked to confirm what you’ve just said or to ask the listener for agreement. However, sometimes it may be used in order to really ask for information. You can tell the difference by the intonation in the question:

question tag which is not asking for informationFalling.jpgfalling intonation

e.g. “You were a happy family,weren’t you?”

real question asking form informationRising.jpgrising intonation

e.g. “You moved to the Midlands after the war, didn’t you?”

Now see if you can recognize what kind of question tag the speaker is using. Listen to the sentences and mark them as real questions or not real ones.

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These questions are formed by adding the Auxiliary Verb that suits the Verb in the sentence + a Pronoun:

“All the students have passed the test, haven’t they?

If the sentence is affirmative (+), then the question tag will be negative (-) and it will contain the word “not”:

“Your mother was born in Rzeszów, wasn’t she?”

If the sentence is negative (-), then the question tag will be affirmative (+):

“Your father wasn’t born in Rzeszów, was he?

They are not normally added to questions.

“Do you like football, don’t you?

There are also some exceptions:

“I am supposed to pay for this, aren’t I?” “Somebody has been here, haven’t they?” “Nothing is important enough to miss your son’s birthday, isn’t it?”

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Imagine that you are 100 years old and talking to your granddaughter. Prepare to talk during the lesson with the teacher in the class about your future. Make notes and bring them to class:

Choose the statements which you think you will want to tell your granddaughter by hiding the unnecessary ones