Lesson 2 - L&S, Functions, Pronunciation - MY FUTURE
- Ćwiczenie 1 aqm
Exercise 2. You will hear two friends Mike and Peter talking about their plans. What are they talking about? Tick the right answers:
1. Going together on holidays. 2. Getting a job. 3. Mike taking a post of a post doc. 4. Difficulties in finding suitable accommodation. 5. Wedding presents. 6. The possibility of getting a diploma with distinction. 7. Mike’s new girlfriend Marcia. 8. Moving to a new place. 9. That IBM won’t give Peter a job. 10. Pat’s preparing for a trip to the Moon.
Answers: 2, 4, 6, 8. Tapescript: To be recorded Mike: Uh!
Peter: What’s the matter!
Mike: That was my last exam!
Peter: Mine, too. Have you got any idea what you want to do next?
Mike: To tell you the truth I have only a vague idea. I’m going to apply for a job in a telemarketing company but actually my chances are quite slim. But first I think Marcia and I‘ll have a few days of holidays somewhere
Peter: Sounds great to me. Were to?
Mike: Dunno yet. Somewhere hot.
Peter: Lucky you. I’m going to be awfully busy right now. I’m getting married next month and preparations are already in full swing.
Mike: Congratulations! Who‘s the lucky girl?
Peter: Oh! I don’t think you’ve ever met her. She‘s just finished Dartmouth College and just got a post as a post doc. She‘s over the moon.
Mike: So you’ll be moving?
Peter: Yes, we‘re looking for an apartment near the University so Pat won’t have to commute.
Mike: And what about you? How are you intending to keep body and soul together?
Peter: I have already applied for the post of a programmer in a few well-known computer companies among them IBM, Apple, Mackintosh, Dell. But I haven’t got any replies yet. It might not be as easy as I thought.
Mike: I wouldn’t worry if I were you – it’s early days. You are bound to get a Diploma with distinction and that must be attractive to companies like those.
Peter: I’m not so sure. I don’t think there are many openings for people without experience. And to tell you the truth I‘d rather work near my house which might be difficult.
Mike: I shouldn’t worry if I were you. You’ve got everything well planned and so I’m sure it’ll work out find.
Peter: Let’s hope so. Anyway thanks for the encouragement. And I see you at my wedding.
Mike: Oh! Thanks. You can count on me being there to see you tie the knot! Q1 Exercise 3. You’ve heard the following expressions in the text. Tick the correct definition.
1. to tie the knot – a. to get married b. to dress to go out 2. a vague idea – a. a big idea b. not really know 3. the chances are slim – a. the chances are not very big b. the chances are quite realistic 4. in full swing – a. spinning around b. at a very busy stage 5. to be over the moon – a. to be in low spirits b. to feel extremely happy 6. to keep body and soul together – a. to manage to live, survive b. to be fit 7. it’s early days – a. too soon to be sure how the situation will develop b. when somebody was still very young 8. to count on sb. – a. to be impatient b. to rely on sb. with confidence
Answers: 1a, 2b, 3a, 4b, 5b, 6 a, 7a, 8 a.
FUNCTIONS: DISCOURSE MARKERS IN SPOKEN ENGLISH
Discourse markers in speech are used in the similar way as in the written text mainly to join sentences into a coherent whole. We can use them to help explain a number of ideas. There are very many of them but will look at functions which include: 1. contrasting two ideas eg. but then, but, but it is true 2. adding similar information eg. also, as well, not only 3. drawing conclusions eg. so, after all, it’s true that, this means that
- Ćwiczenie 3 aqm
Put the discourse markers in brackets in the correct position in the sentences:
- Computer games can be violent and provoke violent behaviour, but they are unlikely to have the only influence on people’s behaviour. (so, in this sense)
- Most glossy magazines readers are women. Most articles have been written for them. (but, then it’s true that)
- Clubbing provides entertainment and the opportunity to make new friends. (also)
- DVDs are extremely popular. Far more money is spent on films on DVD now than on going to the cinema. (after all)
- A lot of people think that theatre is a useless entertainment. We know that theatre is an art form that enhances our enjoyment. (but now)
Pronunciation of selected abbreviations
In English abbreviations are usually made from the initial letters of the words in the phrase. Such abbreviations are pronounced like separate sounds for example BBC. The article in from of them depends on the pronunciation of the first letter of the abbreviation, an MP not a MP. However, some of them form separate words like UNESCO and are pronounced like proper names and do not have articles in front of them.
Exercise 1. Listen to the pronunciation of these abbreviations. Try to repeat after the speaker. Note that some of them a pronounced like individual sounds when some of them form words. Notice what happens if if are pronounced as words:
Now, look at these abbreviations again. Do you know what they stand for?
Read these sentences and change the underlined abbreviations for their full names:
- Sorry Frank but I won’t be able to make it by 6pm. I’ll will come ASAP
- After graduation I’m considering taking an MBA studies.
- To Miss Jane Carland c/o Mr John Smithe.
- Poland became a member of the NATO in the 1990s.
- In this country a VAT tax for cigarettes is still 22%.
- I my opinion the CNN news at 10 pm is the most interesting.