Lesson 2 - L&S, Functions, Pronunciation - DREAMS
[plik za duzy by go przeslac na osilka]
Based on the article „Sleep position gives personality clue“ from BBC news http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/health
Listen to the recording again and match pictures with the name of the particular position.
- Ćwiczenie 3 aqm
HOW TO EXPRESS EMPHASIS?
Emphasis in spoken English can be expressed in different ways. Look at the following examples:
MIND YOU is often used in spoken English to express an afterthought i.e. to contradict what someone has said.
You cannot expect her to cook meals for you! Mind you she is only ten!
BY THE WAY is also used as an afterthought but more like a change of direction in the way of conversation
These are the letters for you. Oh, by the way there’s a telephone message for you.
HOWEVER is used to introduce a contrast.
You can make use of all the facilities in the office. However, you are not allowed to make private phone calls.
Another way of expressing emphasis in spoken English is by changes in pronunciation. The words which you want to enphasize are spoken with higher intonation. Repeating the words or what has been said is also a good way to focus somebody’s attention to what is being said.
Look at the examples and listen to them at the same time:
I do like fish!
Hurray, I won the beauty contest! Really?
Give it BACK!
He lied to ME! (not someone else)
I AM telling the truth.
It was MUCH MUCH bigger.
Write a short dialogue (6-8 lines) using emphathic style, bring it to the class and act in front of the class.
Pronunciation of proper names
Very often when we see the name of a person or a place written we have problem to decide how to pronounce them.
You will hear the sentences in which there are proper names. You will hear each sentences twice with different pronunciation. Next to the sentence select 1 or 2 to state which pronunciation was correct.
- My favourite type of jeans is Levi’s jeans. My favourite type of jeans is Lewis’ jeans.
- Keira Knight appeared in the recent film called Pirates of the Caribbean and got very good reviews.
Keira Knightly appeared in the recent film called Pirates of the Caribbean and got very good reviews.
- Do you know who played an FBI agent in Point Break? Sure, Kean Reeves.
Do you know who played an FBI agent in Point Break? Sure, Keanu Reeves.
- The famous painting of Van Gogh was sold yesterday at the auction at Sotheby’s.
The famous painting of Van Gogh was sold yesterday at the auction at Sowerby.
- My friend recommended me a reading for summer; The Jane Austen Book Club by Karen Joy Fowler.
My friend recommended me a reading for summer; The Jane Austin Book Club by Karen Joy Fowler.
- When I was a child I used to spend my summer holidays in Portsmouth.
When I was a child I used to spend my summer holidays in Bournemouth.
- They have appointed Louis a new referee.
They have appointed Louise a new referee.
- I love my Aunt Christina. She is such a cheerful person.
I love my Aunt Christine. She is such a cheerful person.
You’ll hear the pairs of proper names. While listening tick the ones you hear.
Exercise inspired by TEST YOUR PRONUNCIATION by Michael Vaughan-Rees, published Pengin English, 2006
Look at the phonetic scripts of the proper names. Write them in normal script.
- lu: is
- haid pa:k