Lesson 1 - Grammar - CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: Różnice pomiędzy wersjami

Z Studia Informatyczne
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Wyjaśnienie/odkrycie
 
Wyjaśnienie/odkrycie
  
Analyze the following sentences:
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<b>Analyze the following sentences:</b>
  
 
“the kitchen door <font color='violet'>was broken</font>”
 
“the kitchen door <font color='violet'>was broken</font>”
  
“All the valuables from my bedroom <font color='blue'>had been stolen</font>…”
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“All the valuables from my bedroom <font color='violet'>had been stolen</font>…”
  
“he <font color='blue'>could be killed</font>”
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“he <font color='violet'>could be killed</font>”
  
 
The highlighted forms of verbs are Passive.
 
The highlighted forms of verbs are Passive.
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*Ćwiczenie 2 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_2.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 2 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_2.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 3 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_3.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 3 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_3.zip|aqm]]
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<b>The Passive voice requires the verb “be” and the Past Participle form of the verb, e.g. “taken, stolen, repaired, spoken”</b>
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Active: “He stole my handbag.” → Passive: “My handbag was stolen.”
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Active: “You can take it by mouth.” → Passive: “It can be taken by mouth.”
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Active: “Everybody expected that they will fire you” → “Everybody expected you to be fired.”
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*Ćwiczenie 4 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_4.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 4 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_4.zip|aqm]]
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Some verbs or expressions require you to use the form of verb called the “infinitive” together with the word “to”. If the verb you want to use is passive, then you will use the <u>passive infinitive</u>. Here are some examples of sentences with this structure.
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“She is believed <font color='violet'>to be cured</font>.”
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“Nothing seems <font color='violet'>to be done</font> about the situation.”
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“She’s nowhere <font color='violet'>to be seen</font>.”
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Other verbs or expressions require you to use the form of the verb called “gerund”. If the verb you want to use is passive, then you will use the <u>passive gerund</u>. Here are some examples of sentences with this structure:
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“I hate <font color='violet'>being treated</font> like that.”
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“My dog likes <font color='violet'>being patted</font> on the back.”
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“<font color='violet'>Being fired</font> is not the end of the world.”
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☼  What happens when?
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*Ćwiczenie 5 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_5.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 5 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_5.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 6 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_6.zip|aqm]]
 
*Ćwiczenie 6 [[Media:M3_u3_l1_6.zip|aqm]]

Wersja z 18:05, 13 wrz 2006

Revision of Passive z modalnymi + other passive forms: passive infinitive, passive gerund, passive perfect infinitive

  • Ćwiczenie 1 aqm

Wyjaśnienie/odkrycie

Analyze the following sentences:

“the kitchen door was broken

“All the valuables from my bedroom had been stolen…”

“he could be killed

The highlighted forms of verbs are Passive.


  • Ćwiczenie 2 aqm
  • Ćwiczenie 3 aqm

The Passive voice requires the verb “be” and the Past Participle form of the verb, e.g. “taken, stolen, repaired, spoken”

Active: “He stole my handbag.” → Passive: “My handbag was stolen.”

Active: “You can take it by mouth.” → Passive: “It can be taken by mouth.”

Active: “Everybody expected that they will fire you” → “Everybody expected you to be fired.”


  • Ćwiczenie 4 aqm

Some verbs or expressions require you to use the form of verb called the “infinitive” together with the word “to”. If the verb you want to use is passive, then you will use the passive infinitive. Here are some examples of sentences with this structure.

“She is believed to be cured.”

“Nothing seems to be done about the situation.”

“She’s nowhere to be seen.”

Other verbs or expressions require you to use the form of the verb called “gerund”. If the verb you want to use is passive, then you will use the passive gerund. Here are some examples of sentences with this structure:

“I hate being treated like that.”

“My dog likes being patted on the back.”

Being fired is not the end of the world.”


☼ What happens when?


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