Lesson 4 - R&W, Culture - BEHAVIOUR AND MANNERS

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Pre-reading/Revision

A Code of chivalry is a moral system of behaviour established in medieval times that was to characterize knights. Tick 4 qualities that you expect it contains.

bloody-mindedness

honesty

generosity

soft-heartedness

fair-mindedness

chivalry

  • Ćwiczenie 1 aqm
  • Ćwiczenie 2 aqm

Reading Comprehension

Read carefully A Code of Chivalry and match the paragraphs to the headings. If necessary look up the headings in a dictionary.

  1. Justice:
  2. Loyalty:
  3. Defense:
  4. Courage:
  5. Humility:
  6. Largesse:
  7. Franchise:


A Code of Chivalry
Brian R. Price
April, 1997


Introduction

  1. Being a knight often means choosing the more difficult path, the personally expensive one. Be prepared to make personal sacrifices in service of the principles and people you value. At the same time, a knight should seek wisdom to see that stupidity and bravery are cousins. Bravery also means taking the side of truth in all matters.
  2. Be known for commitment to the people and ideals you choose to live by. There are many places where compromise is expected, however, being faithful is not amongst them.
  3. Seek always the path of 'right'. Do not allow yourself to be influenced by personal interest. Recognize that the sword of justice can be a terrible thing, so it must be tempered by humanity and mercy.
  4. The ideal knight was sworn by oath to defend lord and those who depended upon him. Seek always to defend your nation, your family, and those to whom you believe worthy of loyalty.
  5. Value first the actions of others; do not boast of your own achievements, let others do this for you. Tell the deeds of others before your own.
  6. Seek to emulate everything I have spoken of as sincerely as possible, not for the reason of personal gain but because it is right. Do not limit your exploration to a small world, but seek to infuse every aspect of your life with these qualities. If you succeed in even a tiny measure then you will be remembered for your quality and virtue.
  7. Be generous in so far as your fortune allows. Don’t give yourself over to gluttony. It also makes the path of mercy easier to discover when a difficult decision of justice is required.
  8. http://www.chronique.com/Library/Chivalry/code.htm, 30-07-2006

Justice:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Loyalty:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Defense:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Courage:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Humility:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Largesse:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Franchise:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

FOOD FOR THOUGHT:
What values does today’s society profess?
What has changed since medieval times?

  • Ćwiczenie 3 aqm
  • Ćwiczenie 4 aqm

WRITING: GREETING CARDS

  1. I'm Glad I Haven't Known You
    All Of Your Life
    I Couldn't have afforded FORTY
    Birthday Cards!
  2. We share your grief . He was such a creative person, and we are so sorry he died. But though he will be sadly missed, our love and support will always be here for you.
  3. Congratulations on Your Little Bundle of Joy!
  4. When I was young, I wanted nothing more than to be like you. And the truth is, that eager kid trying to follow in your footsteps is still somewhere inside me...
    And know what? Today, when memories of the two of us come walking back up the road like old buddies, I realize that things haven't changed a bit. I remember what it means to have a helping hand, a wise word, a true friend for life... a dad who's the kind of man I want to be. Happy Father's Day.
  5. To Matt D
    Won't you bee my valentine
    And fly away with me?
    We'll bumble along together
    'Cause you're my Honey Bee!
  6. A picture is worth a thousand words,
    but I only need three…I Love You.


    You hold the key to my heart.


    When you realize
    you want to spend
    the rest of your life
    with a person, you want
    the rest of your life
    to start as soon as possible.


    The best and most beautiful things
    cannot be seen or even touched.
    They must be felt with the heart.
    Happy Anniversary!


How would you characterize the style of the cards that you’ve read?

humorous and childish:

A

B

C

D

E

F

poetic:

A

B

C

D

E

F

conversational:

A

B

C

D

E

F

snappy:

A

B

C

D

E

F

soft, gentle and realistic:

A

B

C

D

E

F

Sources:
http://pressroom.hallmark.com/fathers_day.html
http://www.eastserve.com/opencms/opencms/Youth/e.s.crew/Valentine_Messages.html
http://www.howtoadvice.com/GreetingCards
http://www.thingsremembered.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/PopularMessagesView?storeId=10001&catalogId=10001&langId=-1&topCat=1#wedding_anniversary


Personal correspondence is guided by a set of rules which are vital for maintaining a good relationship. Though style tends to be informal or semi-formal, there are certain conventions to follow.
Personal written communication normally contains:

  1. the greeting (informal: Dear Dad, Dear Sarah, formal: Dear Mr. Lee )
  2. informal or semi-formal language (idioms, colloquial expressions), though the kind of language and style we adopt depends on the degree of intimacy between us and the addressee. ( whether you are close friends, distant acquaintances or whether there’s a class or generation gap)
  3. formulaic language (phrases typically used for congratulating, apologising, complementing etc. )
  4. the ending (informal: Yours/Love/Best Wishes/Regards formal: Yours sincerely)
  5. signature (informal: first name/ formal: full name)
Look at the list of etiquette formulas and arrange them under the headings according to their function and the degree of formality, from the most to the least formal:

  • E.g.: Opening remarks: 9/15
  • Congratulation : ______/______
  • Apology : ______/______/_____
  • Request: ______/______
  • Invitation: ______/_____
  • Accepting: ______/______
  • Refusal: _____/_____/_____

  1. Please accept my sincere apologies for…
  2. Thank you for your kind invitation, I’ll be honoured to accept.
  3. I’m really sorry we have to miss it.
  4. We thank you for your recent invitation, but…
  5. I can’t tell you how sorry I am
  6. Thanks for the invitation to..
  7. Please accept my earnest congratulations on…
  8. We’d like to invite you to …
  9. I’m writing with regard to….
  10. Would you be so kind as to…
  11. I beg you to forgive me…
  12. We would be honoured if you could join us …
  13. I can’t come to your party
  14. Could you please send me…
  15. I’m writing to say …
  16. My heartiest congratulations!

Answer

  • Opening remarks: 9/15
  • Congratulation : 7/16
  • Apology: 1/11/5
  • Request: 10/14
  • Invitation: 12/8
  • Accepting: 2/6
  • Refusal: 4/3/13

  • Ćwiczenie 5 aqm

THE LANGUAGE OF INTERNET FORUM

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Read the text about “Netiquette”. Fill in the missing words.

accountconfigureconversationalconventionsforumnewsgroupprocessingrecipientshortcuts trafficvulgar

Practicing Good " Netiquette "
We suggest that you adhere to the following guidelines for communicating with others on the Internet. Write Concise Messages. Some people receive hundreds of email messages a day. To help reduce the amount of __________ on the Internet and make life easier for the recipients of your correspondence, keep the length of your messages to a minimum.

Answer

traffic

Learn the Conventions of Communication. Although you are certainly free to express yourself in any way you wish, we recommend that you learn some of the ________ of email communication. Abbreviations, like FYI (for your information), BTW (by the way), and :-) (a smiley face) are used by many veteran e-mailers as ______ for conveying tone and feeling in messages.

Answer

conventions

shortcuts

Include Return Address Information. Your correspondence should include the proper return address information. _________ your email client to include the return email address you'd like to use.

Answer

configure

Make Subject Lines Descriptive. A message with a subject like "Help," or even worse, no subject line at all, will often be passed over by a _______who gets a large volume of email messages. Better to come up with a short descriptive phrase that sums up your message e.g: "Eudora Says Out of Memory" to describe a problem you are having with Eudora.

Answer

recipient

Check Your email on a Regular Basis. Make a point to check your email ________ at a minimum of once a week, particularly after sending a message to someone else.

Answer

account

Reply in a Timely Manner. Get used to responding to messages immediately. Your mailbox will soon become stuck if you do not get in the habit of _________ mail as you receive it.

Answer

processing

Don't Send Personal Messages Via Newsgroup or Mailing Lists. If a message is meant for one individual only, do not send it to them via a _________or list that goes to many recipients. Always look at the address line on the top of your message to make sure you are responding only to those person(s) you wish to receive the message.

Answer

newsgroup

Learn to Properly Convey Irony, Sarcasm, and Humor. Often, good-natured attempts to be witty are misconstrued. If you like to use a _________ tone in your messages, consider whether others who don't know you will understand your personal style of communication.

Answer

conversational

Don't Publicly Criticize (or "Flame") Other Users. Civil discourse is better than inflammatory or ______communication. If you have an issue to take up with another user that you feel requires a harsh response, consider communicating directly with that person, rather than starting a war of words on a public ______.

Answer

vulgar

forum

http://cc.uoregon.edu/etiquette.html



Work out the following acronyms:

BAKB_ C_ A_ K_ Y B _ _ R D

Answer

Back At Keyboard

DIKU?D_ I K_ O _ Y_ _ ?

Answer

Do I Know You?

HAKH_ G S A_ D K_ SS _ _

Answer

Hugs And Kisses

JAMJ_ S T A M_ N _ T _

Answer

Just A Minute

PAWP_ _ E N T S A_ _ W_ T _ H _ NG

Answer

Parents are watching

SOWS_ EA _ I NG O_ W_ _ CH

Answer

Speaking Of Which