Lesson 3 - Vocabulary - WAR AND CONFLICT

From Studia Informatyczne

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Read the text about job opportunities in the US Army. Then answer the questions below:

The Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force – are waiting for you!

If you are:
A U.S. citizen or permanent resident alien
17-41 years old
Healthy and in good physical condition
In good moral standing
And have a High School or Equivalent Education
JOIN NOW!
(Some positions may require additional qualifications.)

The Army has more jobs—in a variety of areas—than you would ever expect: from working with computers to assisting physicians and fixing helicopters, there's an Army job right for you.
Some jobs offer up to $40,000 signing bonuses for qualified applicants who enlist for a specific term of service!

Look through the following categories to find a job that matches your interest and/or experience:

Combat
Involves Army reconnaissance, security, and other aspects of both offensive and defensive combat situations. Jobs include artillery specialists, infantry, special operations and tank crew. All combat Military Occupational Specialties (MOSs) are closed to women.

Computers & Technology
Includes technical and informational support for a variety of areas. Positions available in computers, communications, environmental health, intelligence, explosives and unmanned vehicle operations.

Construction & Engineering
Consists of jobs in every aspect of construction, as well as heavy equipment operation and supervising construction engineering.

Intelligence & Combat Support
These roles support U.S. Army personnel involved directly in combat. They work behind-the-scenes to support and provide intelligence to Soldiers on the field. Jobs include food services, watercraft operators, intelligence analysts, translators, interpreters and topography specialists.

Legal & Law Enforcement
Focuses on keeping the people and property of the Army safe. MOSs include fire-fighters, military police, criminal investigators, security and emergency specialists.

Mechanics
Responsible for keeping the Army's vehicles and machines in proper running order. MOSs range from heating and cooling mechanics to vehicle mechanics who service aircraft, wheeled and tracked vehicles, heavy equipment and watercraft.

Medical & Emergency
Consists of jobs in the medical, dental and veterinary fields. These MOSs cover a variety of responsibilities throughout the military health care field, from clinical settings to point of injury.

Transportation & Aviation
These jobs involve the co-ordination and supervision of personnel, equipment and procedures for proper transportation and use of Army materials throughout the world. Jobs include air traffic controllers, railway equipment repairers and truck maintainers.

Tekst przygotowano na podstawie informacji ze strony: www.goarmy./JobCatList.do?redirect=true (9 sierpnia 2006)


Write the correct category next to your field of interest:

  1. You want to take part in actual fighting.
  2. You want to help the injured.
  3. You are fascinated by vehicles that are operated without a crew.
  4. You are interested in vehicle mechanics.
  5. You work best under stress in emergency situations (but you hate blood).
  6. You want to regulate air traffic.
  7. You want to keep order in the military.
  8. You know how to repair heavy equipment.
  9. You think you could become a good spy.
  10. You want to build headquarters.

Answer

  1. Combat
  2. Medical and emergency
  3. Computers and technology
  4. Mechanics
  5. Legal and law enforcement
  6. Transportation and aviation
  7. Legal and law enforcement
  8. Mechanics
  9. Intelligence and combat support
  10. Construction and engineering

Vocabulary practice
Read the definitions below and find the words in the text that match these definitions:

  1. Vehicles that don’t require a crew
  2. Materials that can explode
  3. To repair or put in good condition
  4. Information gathered especially about an enemy country or the group of people who gather it
  5. The various ways of sending information between places and military units
  6. Soldiers who fight on foot
  7. A large, heavy, armoured vehicle with a gun, which moves on tracks/metal belts
  8. Vehicles that move on wheels or on tracks
  9. A flying machine
  10. Soldiers trained for amphibious assaults

Answer

  1. unmanned vehicles
  2. explosives
  3. to service/to fix
  4. intelligence
  5. communications
  6. infantry
  7. tank
  8. wheeled and tracked vehicles
  9. aircraft
  10. Marines


Provide the full chain of command:

  1. A general gives orders to a colonel.
    A colonel gives orders to a ..................
    A .................. gives orders to a ..................
    ......................................................................
    ......................................................................
    ......................................................................
  2. A private reports to a sergeant.
    A sergeant reports to a ..................
    A .................. reports to a ..................
    ......................................................................
    ......................................................................
    ......................................................................

Answer

  1. A general gives orders to a colonel.
    A colonel gives orders to a major.
    A major gives orders to a lieutenant.
    A lieutenant gives orders to a sergeant.
    A sergeant gives orders to a private.
  2. A private reports to a sergeant.
    A sergeant reports to a lieutenant.
    A lieutenant reports to a major.
    A major reports to a colonel.
    A colonel reports to a general.