Lesson 3 - Vocabulary - BEHAVIOUR AND MANNERS

From Studia Informatyczne

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ADJECTIVES FOR CHARACTER

Look at the adjectives below. Tick the ones you have come across in Lesson 2.

arrogant

Tick

bad-tempered

Tick

boastful

Tick

bossy

Tick

broad-minded

Tick

dissatisfied

Tick

fastidious

Tick

fulfilled

Tick

good-natured

Tick

generous

Tick

hard-working

Tick

irreverent

Tick

malicious

Tick

mean

Tick

narrow-minded

Tick

nosy

Tick

over-confident

Tick

self-centered

Tick

strong-willed

Tick

tactless

Tick

tedious

Tick

weak-willed

Tick

well-behaved

Tick

well-meaning

Tick


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Look at the adjectives that you haven’t ticked. What do they have in common?

they have positive meaning

they have negative meaning

they are compound


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WORD FORMATION

Are you blue-blooded?

Have you ever tried to trace nobility in your family tree? But nobility does not necessarily mean noble ancestors. Nobility of character may understood as a set of features, some of which have been pointed out below. Make nouns out of adjectives by adding suitable suffixes: -y, -ity, -ion, -ce, -ness

    E.g.: fair-minded – fair-mindedness

    1. honest
    2. sincere
    3. generous
    4. chivalrous
    5. tolerante
    6. discrete

    Answer

    1. honesty
    2. sincerity
    3. generosity
    4. chivalry
    5. tolerance
    6. discretion


    Do the following quiz keeping track of your answers and match the above nouns to the points.

    1. fair-mindedness
      You see two people quarreling over a treasure they’ve found. Do you:

      A - get rid of them and keep the treasure to yourself

      B - divide the treasure into two equal parts between the two of them

      C - divide the treasure into three equal parts between the three of you

    2. __________
      You find a library book that is three months overdue. Do you:

      A - Return it and pay the fine

      B - Keep the book

      C - Sneak it into the library and pretend you returned it on time if questioned by the library

    3. __________
      A friend has confided in you that she’s found a large sum of money and kept it. Do you:

      A - Decide not tell anybody about it

      B - Tell it to your best friend and ask her to keep a secret

      C - Report on her to the police

    4. __________
      You see neighbour X bullying neighbour Y’s child. Do you:

      A - Ring X to inform her.

      B - Ignore the scene and go your own way

      C - Stand up in the child’s defence

    5. ________
      Your mother-in-law has presented you with a pair of checked pyjamas for your first wedding anniversary. Do you:

      A - Tell her bluntly that pyjamas is not your favourite item and you prefer sleeping naked

      B - Accept the gift with a half-smile and say nothing

      C - Thank her profusely with affected elation

    6. _________
      Your neighbours are going at it hammer and tongs for days on end. Do you:

      A - Visit them and complain about it in very strong terms

      B - Slip an anonymous letter threatening to blow up their door if they don’t stop into their letterbox

      C - Buy yourself earplugs

    7. _________
      You’ve just received your breadline salary and you come across a beggar in the street. Do you:

      A - Give him a penny to calm your guilty conscience.

      B - Give him nothing. After all he get down to work!

      C - Give him all your money hoping that the Good Lord will return you the favour in the afterlife

    Solutions to the quiz:

    1. If the order of your answers is:
      B-A-A-C-A-C-C you are a TOP KNIGHT. Surely you have Sir Lancelot among your ancestors.
    2. If the order of your answers is:
      A-B-B-B-C-A-B you are as common as one can be.
    3. If the order of you answers happens to be neither 1 nor 2 consider taking up genealogy studies

    Answer

    1. honesty
    2. discretion
    3. chivalry
    4. sincerity
    5. tolerance
    6. generosity


    Source: Point 2 of the quiz coming from http://www.bbc.co.uk/threecounties/read_this/cracking_crime/honesty_quiz.shtml , 30.07.2006

    Make sure that you understand the content of the quiz. If necessary check some words and phrases with a good English-English dictionary or an on-line dictionary e.g.: http://www.wordreference.com/.
    Here is the list of items that might need checking:

    1. Sneak [v]
    2. bully [v]
    3. bluntly [adv]
    4. profusely [adv]
    5. affected [adj]
    6. elation [n]
    7. hammer and tongs
    8. on end
    9. in … terms
    10. breadline

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