Lesson 2 - L&S, Functions, Pronunciation - SUPERNATURAL?

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THE SUPERNATURAL

URBAN LEGENDS

An urban legend (or myth) can be defined as a funny, scary, sad or educational story based on hearsay which people generally take to be the truth. More specifically, however, people use urban legends to talk about beliefs and fears. Urban legends are told all over the world in all different types of cultures and can, thus, be called “contemporary legends.” These “contemporary legends” have been around for hundreds of years. People such as the Brothers Grimm, who made a book of common fairy tales told around the world, would collect the legends they heard. Urban legends are generally told in conversation format, usually starting out with, “This happened to a friend of a friend.” From culture to culture, the general format and plot of these legends remain the same, but who the characters are may change. For example, in Germany, the “bad guy” may be the devil or troll-like creatures, but somewhere else, it may be an alien, men dressed in black, or even those of other beliefs or races. Every time an urban myth is retold, it changes slightly.

Here is one to get you into the supernatural world. Listen to the recording, and answer the questions below, choosing the right option:


THE VANISHING HITCHHIKER


Based on: http://www.badgerherald.com/artsetc/2004/10/29/modern_urban_legends.php
http://www.snopes.com/horrors/ghosts/vanish.asp


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Imagine that you are at a party with some people you don’t know very well. Which of these subjects are:

SAFERISKYCONVERSATION KILLERS
family, the news, your health, your work, the weather, religion, sport, sex, politics, fashion, the latest scandals, food and drink, holiday plans

Listen to the short dialogues that take place at a party:

dialogues

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Which of the expressions from the task above can be used for:

A) Starting/Maintaining a conversation?

B) Ending a conversation?


Answer

Starting/Maintaining a conversation1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
Ending a conversation5, 10, 11, 12



Study the expressions listed below:


Starting/maintaining conversations:
How do you know Pam and Rick?
Do you live near here?
Didn’t we meet in Milan last year?
Do you know Pam Jones?
Hi, are you from around here?
Where did you meet David?
You’re a ……, aren’t you?
What do you do?
Aren’t you a friend of David’s?


Echo questions - used to express interest and surprise, or when you don’t hear what people have just said:

- Have you heard? Jill has gone to China.
- Has she?

- I’m going to marry James.
- Are you?

- My son doesn’t want to study law.
- Doesn’t he?


Avoiding answering questions:
Let’s talk about it later.
I’d have to think about it.
To tell you the truth, I’ve never really thought about it.
It’s hard to say now.


Running out of things to say:
Let me see….
There’s not much to say really.
I’m not sure what else I can tell you.
I’m sure you know what I mean.


Ending conversations:
It was nice to see you again.
I hope we meet again.
It was nice meeting you.
See you at university, probably.
Let’s get in touch.
See you later, maybe.


Now complete these short social dialogues with appropriate phrases:

A - (starting a conversation)
B - No, actually I live in Lublin.
A - (maintaining a conversation)
B - Yes, I do. We went to school together. (maintaining a conversation)
A - That would be nice. A glass of white wine please.


A - (maintaining a conversation)
B - I’m a doctor.
A - (echo question). Fantastic! You see, I keep getting this awful rash. What do you think it’s caused by?
B. - (avoiding answering)


A - (running out of things to say) (ending a conversation)
B - You too. (ending a conversation)
A - Yes, I’m sure we will.

Beware of false friends!

False friends are pairs of words in two languages that look and/or sound similar, but differ in meaning. Here are the most common traps:

Actualrzeczywisty, faktycznynie aktualny
Anginadusznica bolesnanie angina
Chefszef kuchninie szef w ogóle
Cravatfularnie krawat
Datadanenie data
Eventuallywreszcienie ewentualnie
Fabricmateriał, tkaninanie fabryka
Fartpierdnięcie, pierdołanie fart, szczęście
Lunaticwariat, szaleniec nie lunatyk
Novelpowieść nie nowela
Patheticżałosny, godny współczucianie patetyczny
Polygonwielokątnie poligon
Preservativekonserwantnie prezerwatywa
Smokingpalenienie smoking
Sympatheticwspółczującynie sympatyczny
Talonpazur, szponnie talon
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