Lesson 2 - L&S, Functions, Pronunciation - DREAMS

From Studia Informatyczne

Listening

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Sleep
[plik za duzy by go przeslac na osilka]

Based on the article „Sleep position gives personality clue“ from BBC news http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/health

  • Ćwiczenie 1 aqm
  • Ćwiczenie 2 aqm

Listen to the recording again and match pictures with the name of the particular position.

1Grafika:Position1.jpg2Grafika:Position2.jpg
3Grafika:Position3.jpg4Grafika:Position4.jpg
5Grafika:Position5.jpg6Grafika:Position6.jpg

Answer

The positions in the order in which they appear in the text:< br> The Foetus (6), Log (1), The Yearner (2), Soldier(3), Freefaller (5), Starfish(4)

  • Ćwiczenie 3 aqm

HOW TO EXPRESS EMPHASIS?

Emphasis in spoken English can be expressed in different ways. Look at the following examples:

MIND YOU is often used in spoken English to express an afterthought i.e. to contradict what someone has said.
You cannot expect her to cook meals for you! Mind you she is only ten!

BY THE WAY is also used as an afterthought but more like a change of direction in the way of conversation
These are the letters for you. Oh, by the way there’s a telephone message for you.

HOWEVER is used to introduce a contrast.
You can make use of all the facilities in the office. However, you are not allowed to make private phone calls.

Another way of expressing emphasis in spoken English is by changes in pronunciation. The words which you want to enphasize are spoken with higher intonation. Repeating the words or what has been said is also a good way to focus somebody’s attention to what is being said.

Look at the examples and say the sentences, srtressing the words in bold:
I do like fish!
Hurray, I won the beauty contest! Really?
Give it BACK!
He lied to ME! (not someone else)
I AM telling the truth.
It was MUCH MUCH bigger.

Write a short dialogue (6-8 lines) using emphathic style, bring it to the class and act in front of the class.

Pronunciation of proper names

Very often when we see the name of a person or a place written we have problem to decide how to pronounce them.

You will hear eight sentences in which there are proper names. You will hear each sentences twice with different pronunciation. Select box 1 or 2 next to the sentences to state which pronunciation was correct.

  1. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 1
    My favourite type of jeans is the Levi’s jeans.

    1

    2

  2. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 2
    Keira Knightly appeared in the recent film called Pirates of the Caribbean and got very good reviews.

    1

    2

  3. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 3
    Do you know who played an FBI agent in Point Break? Sure, Keanu Reeves.

    1

    2

  4. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 4
    The famous painting of Van Gogh was sold yesterday at the auction at Sotheby‘s.

    1

    2

  5. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 5
    My friend recommended me a book for the summer; The Jane Austen Book Club by Karen Joy Fowler.

    1

    2

  6. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 6
    When I was a child I used to spend my summer holidays in Bournemouth.

    1

    2

  7. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 7
    They have appointed Louis a new referee.

    1

    2

  8. Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 8
    I love my Aunt Christina. She is such a cheerful person.

    1

    2


You’ll hear the pairs of proper names. While listening tick the ones you hear.

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 1

PETE

PETER

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 2

CARL

CARLA

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 3

BETH

BESS

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 4

LUCILLA

LUKE

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 5

JOAN

JANE

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 6

MARK

MIKE

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 7

ALEC

ALEX

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 8

JOE

JOAN

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 9

LEWIS

LEVIS

Grafika:Audio icon.gif   Listen 10

HEATON

EATON


Exercise inspired by TEST YOUR PRONUNCIATION by Michael Vaughan-Rees, published Pengin English, 2006

Look at the phonetic scripts of the proper names. Write them in normal script.

  1. lu: is
  2. so:lzberi
  3. braint(e)n
  4. wo:so:
  5. maentfester
  6. haid pa:k
  7. klo:dje
  8. steinwei
  9. treisi
  10. twainin

Answer

  1. Lewis
  2. Salisbury
  3. Brighton
  4. Warsaw
  5. Manchester
  6. Hyde Park
  7. Claudia
  8. Steinway
  9. Tracy
  10. Twining